Common Symptoms of Anxiety Spectrum Disorders
The most common features of include:
- a feeling of being on edge and nervous, or having high levels of anxiety
- persistent and irrational fears or excessive worry
- difficulty concentrating and remembering things
- trouble sleeping
- avoidance of certain situations, places, people, activities, thoughts or feelings that trigger resistant anxiety.
The variety of physical symptoms of resistant anxiety include:
- a pounding heart
- shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- tightness in chest
- sweating, trembling, tingling or numbness
- dry mouth; etc
People who experience anxiety over long periods of time can also develop muscle tension and headaches.
Types of anxiety disorders
anxiety spectrum disorders come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes, depending on what triggers the resistant anxiety and how it manifests:
- Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD).
- Panic Disorder (PD).
- Specific Phobia.
- Social Phobia.
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD).
- Illness Anxiety Disorder (Hypochondriasis).
Details are available at: http://www.beyondblue.org.au/the-facts/anxiety/signs-and-symptoms
Diagnosis and treatment
Around 50% of people who suffer from issues seek treatment. There are a range of
effective treatment alternatives available. The main issue is to find the right treatment for
the individual person, to suit their needs better. Experience in treatment of the conditions
mentioned above has great value. Hence, seeking out the right practitioner is very important.
If you are experiencing anxiety, please see your GP. This is the best place to start looking
for treatment. They can assess you and make a GP Mental Health Care Plan. They will either
start appropriate treatment or refer you on to a Psychologist or Psychiatrist.
Psychological techniques, based on what is commonly known as ‘talk therapy’, can help
enormously. These techniques can help change underlying patterns of thought and behavior.
This requires anexperienced practitioner to work closely with you, and ‘walk the talk’ with you,
whilst negotiating some twists and turns in your treatment. There are a range of psychological
therapies available for anxiety, but Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) has been found to
provide the most consistent and lasting positive results.
As CBT requires special training, it’s usually done by a Psychologist or Psychiatrist, and
typically requires 10 to 12 sessions to be effective.
Online CBT can be as effective as seeing a clinician for treatment. You can do online
therapies on their own (see below for a list of recommended sites) or in conjunction with support from a therapist.
RESISTANT ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION
Anxiety can be quite difficult to treat sometimes, and can present with a chronicity that
can cause a lot of distress for patients and family. This can accompany Depression, and
the combination that can result is significant mental health disability, loss of quality of life,
and multiple losses (loss of jobs, relationships, friendships, etc.).
In MARSAI Clinic, we specialise in this condition and treat our patients with a
combination of medications and psychotherapy. Sometimes, Inpatient treatment is
considered with quite good value. A referral from your GP can facilitate this quite easily.